More about Dataguard and how to check it

After my post Quick Oracle Dataguard check script I have some considerations to add:
to check the gap of applied log stream by MRP0 process it’s sufficient to replace this query in the perl script I posted:

with this new one:

To check this you have to meet the following condition: You should have real-time apply enabled (and possibly NODELAY clause specified in your recover statement). Check it with this query:

If not using realtime apply your MRP0 process will wait until you have a new archive, so even if you have redo transport mode set to LGWR you’ll wait for standby log completion. Your gap of applied redo stream will be at least one sequence#.

With transport mode set to LGWR and real-time apply the output of the perl script is similar to this one:

The whole gap between your primary and standby database should be LOW.